Woman’s internal sexual organs

    • Brief

    • The sexual organs inside a woman’s body (internal sexual organs) are:

      • Vagina.
      • Cervix.
      • Uterus.
      • Fallopian tubes.
      • Ovaries.

      The woman also has pelvic floor muscles in the bottom of her belly. They are not sexual organs but are important to a woman’s sexual well-being and sexual pleasure.

    • Vagina

    • The vagina is a tube-shaped passage leading from the outside of the body to the uterus entrance (cervix). It is about 10 cm deep. It has elastic walls lying close to each other. The walls can tighten (making the opening smaller) or relax (making it bigger). During her menstrual period, a woman loses blood through her vagina.

      At the entrance of the vagina is the hymen, a soft rim of tissue. During sexual intercourse, the penis enters the vagina (penetration). Babies are born through the vagina during a natural delivery.

    • Cervix

    • The cervix is a passage leading from the vagina to the uterus. It is usually closed, but it opens up during delivery.

      A woman should have a smear test of the cervix from age 25 if she has already had sex (sexual intercourse). This smear test helps you discover diseases like cervical cancer or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as HPV.

    • Uterus

    • The uterus (womb) has the size and shape of an upside-down pear. The uterus grows during pregnancy together with the baby. After delivery, the uterus returns to its normal size.

    • Fallopian tubes

    • The woman has two fallopian tubes, one on each side of the uterus. A fallopian tube takes an egg cell from an ovary to the uterus.

    • Ovaries

    • The woman has two ovaries. Each ovary is connected to a fallopian tube.

      The ovaries store the woman’s egg cells. When she is born, she already has all her egg cells.

      The ovary is the size of a walnut.

      The ovaries are important producers of female hormones. These hormones influence, for example, the skin and bones and tell the body how to prepare for pregnancy. During menopause, a lack of these hormones can cause mood swings and hot flushes.