Types of condoms

    • Brief

    • Condoms are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There are condoms for men and for women, they are made various materials, and some come with lubrication. Condoms are very effective in preventing pregnancy, and most against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV when used properly. You should not re-use condoms, replace it with a new one when you ejaculate or feel the condom has become loose.

      If you react to latex condoms, there are substitutes made from lambskin or plastic that you can use safely. Plastic condoms are as effective as latex condoms, but lambskin condoms are not effective at protecting you from HIV and other STIs.

    • How a condom works

    • A condom is a thin tube worn in the vagina or on the penis. A condom is a barrier type of contraceptive that prevents sperm from entering the vagina, mouth or anus. It also acts as a wall between you and your partner, keeping your body fluids away from each other.

      Condoms are cheap, easily available and do not require a prescription. They protect against sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. The male condom is 98% effective, while the female condom is 95% effective when used properly.

    • Types of condoms

      • There are male and female condoms. The male condom is worn externally on an erect penis while the female condom is worn internally by inserting the ring into the vagina.
      • Condoms are usually made from latex, but other materials used are lambskin (they are actually made from a part of a lamb’s large intestine) and plastic. Latex and plastic condoms prevent STIs as they do not let bacteria and virus through. Lambskin condoms can stop sperm cells, but they let the much smaller bacteria and viruses through.
      • Condoms usually come in three major sizes: snug(small), standard and large. You need to decide which size is appropriate for you. Do not use condoms with the wrong size, as this may lead them from slipping off the penis during sex.
      • For increased sexual pleasure some male condoms come ribbed or studded. 
      • Some male condoms are flavoured. These are great for oral sex however they do pose a risk of irritation or yeast infection when used for vaginal sex. Some flavoured condoms cannot be used for vaginal sex. Read the label to be sure.
      • Condoms come with or without lubricants. Lubricants help reduce friction and can make sex more enjoyable. Lubrication can prevent a condom from breaking. 
      • Some condoms come with a spermicide coating. Spermicides are chemicals that kill sperm cells. 
      • Condoms come in a variety of colours intended to spice up your sex life. 


    • Things to check before using a condom

    • For condoms to be effective there are some things to look into:

      • Look at the expiry date before using a condom. Do not use one that has passed that date.
      • Make sure that the condom has no defects (e.g. tears, missing lubrication).
      • The size of the condom worn is important as it may slip off if it is too big or break if it is too tight. 
      • A condom should be worn on an erect penis starting from the tip and then rolled down to the base of the penis. A condom should not be put on a soft (flaccid) penis.
      • The best lubricant for condoms is water-based because it does not affect the structure of the condom. Oil-based lubricants damage the structure of the condom which may lead to leakages or tears. 
      • Condoms can only be used once and must be disposed of after use.  


    • Kulawa cares

    • Condoms are a great choice of contraception as they are cheap and easily available. They do not require a lot of planning as they can be used just before sexual intercourse. They come in a wide variety which means there is a type of condom for everyone. When used correctly, it offers protection from STIs and prevents unintended pregnancy.