Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)

    • Brief

    • Crossed eyes are a condition in which both eyes seem to be staring in different directions simultaneously. In this condition, the two eyes do not work together. The deviated eye may be drifting inward, outward, upward, or downward. Crossed eyes may be due to problems with the eye muscle or the nerves that transmit information to the muscles. Using glasses or surgery may serve as a form of treatment.

      Many people with strabismus often complain of being stared at and referred to in an insulting manner. This condition is sometimes not reparable and may be corrected with glasses. Stigma places a huge burden on people living with crossed eyes and may severely impact their self-esteem.

    • What are the symptoms?

    • The following are symptoms that may indicate the presence of crossed eyes:

      • Double vision.
      • Decreased depth perception.
      • Eye strains and headaches.
      • Eyes that look out of range or do not appear to be looking at the same thing (misaligned).
      • Blinking your eyes constantly or straining to see.
    • What are the causes?

    • There are many causes of crossed eyes, including serious eye problems such as thyroid eye disease, cataracts, eye injuries, myasthenia gravis, and cranial nerve palsies. In some people, it may be caused by brain or genetic problems.

    • What are the things that put you at risk?

    • Crossed eyes are more common among children, and some people learn to control the weaker eye better with age. However, adults may also have the disease.

      The following persons may be at an increased risk of developing strabismus:

      • People with uncorrected blurry vision, meaning they need glasses but do not know yet or are not using them.
      • Children with cerebral palsy and people who have had a stroke.
      • People who have brain tumours.
      • Children of mothers that smoke during pregnancy.
      • Children born prematurely.
      • People with genetic conditions such as Down’s syndrome.
      • People with a family history of the condition.
    • When to visit a doctor?

    • Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent permanently weakened sight. Crossed eyes are diagnosed during an eye examination. If your child has symptoms of crossed eyes or other eye disorders at any age, a healthcare provider should perform a complete eye examination.

      If crossed eyes suddenly appear in an adult, you should see your healthcare provider immediately.

    • How to prevent?

    • You cannot prevent being cross-eyed. However, if the condition is detected early, you can prevent it from getting worse.

    • How to manage and treat?

    • Self-Care Tips

      • You can do some eye exercises several times a day to help with strabismus.
      • Pencil push-ups: you hold a pencil out at arm’s length with the tip away from the eyes. Focus on the eraser and bring it towards your nose slowly till you can’t see it again. You can repeat as often as you like.
      • Brock string: put three beads of different colours on 5 feet of string and space them at an equal length apart. Hold one end of the string to your nose and tie the other end to something like a chair. Please focus on the bead closest to your nose until you see it as a single object where the strings meet. Shift your focus to the next bead and repeat.

      Treatment Options

      The treatment for strabismus depends on the type of strabismus you have. You could be treated with prescription glasses, therapy for the eyes, or even surgery. Vision therapy can help train the eyes and the brain to work more effectively. Surgery can help with the eye muscles, so they appear straight. If it is not treated early, strabismus can lead to permanent vision loss.

    • Kulawa cares

    • Crossed eyes and similar problems can be corrected early with eye exercises, eye glasses, surgery, or other treatments. Early treatment can have a significant effect on the quality of your vision.
      Crossed eyes may recur after treatment. Do not be alarmed; it may just require a different treatment approach. In cases due to underlying medical illness, it is also essential to treat the underlying medical conditions.