HIV status

    • Brief

    • Nigerian law forbids any discrimination based on health status. This means a person with HIV has to be treated like any other person.

      It is always the HIV-positive person who decides if they tell other people about it or not.

      You cannot get HIV through casual contact, for example, by sharing a glass or plate with someone who has HIV or by touching or kissing each other.

    • HIV and work

    • An HIV-positive person does not have to mention this during a job interview. The employer does not have the right to ask questions about their health. If questions are asked, you can say that this is confidential information and that you are willing to talk to the company doctor. The company doctor can only ask you questions about your physical ability to do the job. They also have to respect your privacy.

      It is forbidden to lie about your HIV status during a job interview. The employer can use this as a reason to dismiss you if they discover this later.

      An employer can only ask you to get an HIV test if you agree.

      If an accident involves an HIV-positive person, the general first-aid procedures are sufficient to prevent someone else from becoming infected by HIV. Therefore, an employer cannot fire or refuse someone with HIV a job by saying it could cause a health risk for colleagues or clients.

      An HIV-positive person does not have to inform their colleagues or boss about it. If you tell your boss, it can be easier for you to take medicines during working hours or go to the doctor.

      Contact a specialised organisation (like the National Human Rights Commission online or contact their Lagos Office by telephone 0908 032 5586) if you have any questions about HIV and work or if you want to report discrimination.

    • HIV and traveling

    • For visits of less than 3 months, there are only a few countries in the world that ask for an HIV test or deny entry to HIV-positive people. More countries are restrictive for longer stays.

      You can keep a copy of the prescription for your medicines with you in case questions are asked at the border concerning the medicines in your luggage.

    • Access to healthcare

    • Doctors and other medical staff are bound by professional confidentiality and need to respect your privacy.