Female genital mutilation is also called female circumcision.
There are different forms of female genital mutilation:
- Partly or totally removing the visible part of the clitoris (type 1).
- Partly or totally removing the clitoris and the labia (type 2).
- Sewing the labia shut so that there is only a small opening to pass urine and blood (type 3).
- All other harmful acts to the woman’s visible sexual organs, such as pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and burning.
People do female genital mutilation for cultural reasons.
Female genital mutilation is very dangerous to the health of women and girls. Some of them bleed to death. It can also lead to:
- Anxiety, stress, trauma and even shock.
- Infections and diseases.
- Pain during the menstrual period and while urinating.
- A higher risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV
- Painful and complicated delivery for both mother and child.
- Painful sexual intercourse and less sexual desire.
Female genital mutilation is illegal in Nigeria, the law forbids it. If you have undergone female genital mutilation or you fear that this will be done to you, contact one or more of the following:
- The desk officer at your local government representing the State Ministry of Health's Gender, Adolescent School Health and Elderly Care division (GASHE).
- The representative at the State Ministry for Women Affairs and Social Development.
- A Non-Governmental Organization, like the African Youth and Adolescent Network near you.
These organizations will refer you to the appropriate resources to support you and provide state representation for you.