Women’s bodies can change because of hormones. Hormones are chemical substances that signal the body to start or stop some processes, like menstruation. There are times when you may have too little or too much hormones which can affect your body in various ways.
Common effects are weight gain, mood swings, and muscle and joint stiffness. There are hormonal medications that can help balance your hormonal levels.
Hormones are chemical messengers in the body that are activated at different stages of life. The normal hormonal cycle is influenced by puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause in women.
Common causes of hormonal imbalance in women are:
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (a common condition that affects how a woman's ovaries work).
- Hormonal medications like birth control pills.
Hormonal imbalance can cause various effects on a woman's body:
- Menstrual abnormalities like irregular, heavy or missed periods.
- Excessive hair in the face and other parts of the body.
- Hair loss.
- Vaginal dryness.
- Night sweats.
- Pain during sex.
- Low sex drive.
- Joint pain, swelling and stiffness.
- Muscle aches and stiffness.
- Weight gain.
- If you are overweight, losing up to 10 per cent of your body weight may be effective in correcting abnormal menstruation.
- Eating a balanced, healthy diet.
- Using over-the-counter (OTC) acne remedies such as washes and creams.
- Reducing and managing stress, for instance by practicing yoga.
- Using water-based lubricants during sex to help with vaginal dryness and discomfort.
- Using hair removal products can reduce the excess hairs but may leave you with bumps.
- Identify and avoid triggers for hot flashes, such as spicy foods.
Your healthcare provider may recommend hormonal supplements and medications. Only use them when you have prescription from your healthcare provider, as these are powerful medicines.
Changes in hormones can have various effects on your body, dealing with them may also lead to emotional distress. Consult your healthcare provider to confirm a diagnosis of hormonal imbalance, so that youi can take appropriate actions, such as lifestyle changes or starting treatment.