Doxycycline is a type of antibiotic, and it belongs to a group called tetracyclines. It is a type of drug that helps stop the growth and spread of bacteria in your body. You can only get it when your healthcare provider prescribes it for you.
Doxycycline is an antibiotic that helps to fight bacteria in the body. Your healthcare provider may prescribe doxycycline to treat several bacterial infections including pimples (acne). Doxycycline can also help prevent malaria, but it will not work if you have already been infected with malaria. This medicine treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections such as the common cold or flu. Do no use any antibiotics when you do not need them, as this can cause the medicine to not work against future infections.
Doxycycline is available as a capsule that is taken by mouth. It is a prescription-only medicine.
- Doxycycline can be taken by mouth or may be injected into your blood by your healthcare provider. Always take the amount recommended by your healthcare provider, no more no less.
- Take doxycycline with a full glass of water to avoid throat irritation.
- To ensure you don’t miss a dose, take your drugs at the same time every day.
- If you miss a dose of your drugs, take it as soon as possible but if it is almost time for the next dose, skip it and just continue with your normal dose.
- Do not use more of the drug than was prescribed or stop taking the medication before finishing your prescribed dose. This may put you at risk of an infection that will be more difficult to treat.
- If you use more of this medicine than was prescribed for you, go to a healthcare provider as soon as possible with the remaining medicine.
- Do not share your drugs with family or friends. Repeated use of antibiotics when they are not needed may cause them not to work anymore.
When using doxycycline, you may experience some uncomfortable side effects of the drug that usually clear within 2-3 days. If persistent for more than a week, you should mention them to your healthcare provider. Examples of these common side effects include:
- This medicine may cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than normally. Even for short periods of exposure may cause you skin rash, itching or redness.
- You may pass a loose stools and vomit.
- Your appetite for food may be reduced.
- You may notice a rash on your skin.
- Your skin colour may become darker.
- You may have a headache.
If you experience any of the severe side effects, you should go to the closest healthcare provider immediately:
- You notice blood in your stools.
- You have persistent headaches, blurry vision or suddenly can’t see.
- You find it hard to swallow food or water.
- You may experience difficulty breathing, fever, swelling of the face or a burning sensation on the skin.
Before using doxycycline, inform your doctor about any bad reactions you may have had to other antibiotics, any history of throat diseases or trouble swallowing, or kidney disease.
- Do not use this medicine if you have had a bad reaction to it before.
- Do not use doxycycline for children younger than 8 years old, unless in life-threatening conditions.
- Do not use doxycycline if you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant during the period of use. You should inform your healthcare provider if you are breastfeeding.
- Doxycycline may reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills, so you may be advised to use another method (e.g. condoms) while taking the medication.
- The use of other drugs such as antacids, depressants, anticonvulsants and iron may reduce the effectiveness of doxycycline.