Bed wetting

    • Brief

    • Bed wetting is when an individual finds it hard to control the bladder at night. This condition is common in children but becomes a cause of concern when they continue after 7 years of age or when they are adults. It is often embarrassing and it requires the support of friends and family to deal with the condition. Lifestyle changes such as reducing the amount of fluid you drink hours before you go to bed are vital in managing bed wetting.

    • What are the symptoms?

    • The primary symptom is wetting the bed at night due to a lack of bladder control. However, if it is due to an underlying condition, there will be associated symptoms such as:

      • Painful urination.
      • Change in the colour of your urine.
      • Snoring.
      • Unusual thirst.
      • Hard stools.
    • What are the causes?

    • The causes of bed wetting are not known, however, things that contribute to it include:

      • A small bladder, especially in children. This means the bladder cannot hold the amount of urine that is produced at night.
      • Delayed development or damage to the nerve that controls the bladder. This leads to an inability to recognize when the bladder is full.
      • Urinary tract infections (UTI).
      • Sleep apnea sometimes comes with bedwetting. It usually has other symptoms like snoring and drowsiness during day time.
      • High blood sugar levels may lead to an increase in the urine produced at night.
      • Long-term constipation.
      • Hormonal imbalance.
    • What are the things that put you at risk?

    • You are at a higher risk of bedwetting due to the following:

      • Family history: there is an increased risk of child bedwetting if one or both parents also wet the bed during childhood.
      • Stressful events such as starting a new school or relocating to a new place may trigger bedwetting.
      • Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
    • When to visit a doctor?

    • Self-care tips

      • Ensure that you reduce the amount that you drink before going to bed.
      • Empty your bladder before going to bed.
      • Set alarms that wake you or your child in the middle of the night to use the bathroom.
      • Manage stressful events and try to get enough sleep.
      • Avoid drinking caffeine (e.g. coffee, energy drink) or alcohol as these can irritate your bladder.
      • Reduce foods that increase your blood sugar level such as white bread, rice and sugar.

      Treatment options

      • You healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections.
      • They may also prescribe medicines to calm an irritated bladder.
      • Medicines to increase the level of the antidiuretic hormone will help to reduce urine production.
    • How to prevent?

    • Lifestyle choices will help to prevent or reduce the occurrence of bedwetting. They include:

      • Reducing the amounts that you drink at dinner time and before bed time.
      • Reducing the amount of caffeine-containing drinks, such as coffee and energy drinks.
      • Limiting alcohol drinking especially at night time.
      • Peeing before going to bed.
      • Making the route to the toilet in your house easy for your child at night.
    • How to manage and treat?

    • Usually, bedwetting in children resolves without any specific treatment. However, if the child is over 7 years old or had stopped bedwetting for a while and then started again, visit your healthcare provider. When bedwetting happens in adulthood, it is usually a sign of a disease or condition that requires treatment. Especially, if this condition comes with pain while urinating, change in the colour of your urine, increased thirst, weight loss, or snoring, consult your healthcare provider.

    • Kulawa cares

    • Bedwetting is a normal occurrence in children and will usually resolve on its own. As a concerned parent, you might get worried which is normal. Ensure that you support your child and do not beat them for bedwetting. Assist your child by limiting the amount they drink, by encouraging them to pee before bedtime and by waking your child up in the night to let them pee again. You should visit your doctor if there are any other symptoms together with the bed wetting, so that the exact cause can be determined and the condition can be managed.